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Pet Info  > Dermatology  > Allergies  > Food allergy
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Food allergy problems

On a less common note, we occassionally see pets develop allergies to a protein source in their diet- even if they have been on the same diet for some years.

Food allergies are not seasonal i.e. the skin problems go all year as long as they stay on the same diet. On a percentage basis, approx. 1% of itchy pets have a food allergy, so it is not a very common condition. Pets can also get other diseases of the body from food allergies (see below). 

Symptoms

Skin lesions are similar to those of flea allergy dermatitis

Food allergies have been implicated in many diseases in pets and people. The basic problem is that 0.2% of the protein in a meal gets absorbed into the bloodstream unchanged from what it looked like when swallowed.

A small percentage of dogs, cats and people are allergic to certain types of protein e.g. beef, lamb, milk proteins. The unchanged protein reacts with the immune system in the body causing a massive allergic reaction. 

Local food allergy reactions (food intolerance)

Generalised food allergy reactions

Depending on where the protein and parts of the immune system decide to travel around the body (antigen-antibody complexes), signs can include: 

Skin food allergy reactions

Diagnosis and treatment of food allergies

Hills and Royal Canin have hypoallergenic diets for diagnosis & treatment of food allergy problems in dogs & cats.

Starting suspect cases on a hypoallergenic diet for a minimum of 3-4 weeks should result in early mild clinical improvement in skin and/or other problems if there is a food allergy problem.

By 10-12 weeks, there should be marked improvement.

At this stage, the owner decides to either stay on the hypoallergenic diet permanently or do some tests with different foods to see what their pet can and can't tolerate. 

By introducing a particular food, e.g. beef bones for a 10-14 days, the owner looks for the early signs of disease re-occurring. Obviously, we don't want to see the pet back to the bad condition it was in before starting on the prescription diet, so stop the trail at the very first signs of problems starting. 

These are some of the hypoallergenic diets on the market

Rc hypoallergy dry catHills zd dry catRc skin support dry dog