Flea Life Cycle
These are the various stages of the flea life cycle. There are some very interesting bits of information about fleas which will help pet owners better understand flea control measures.
- Approx. 0.5mm diameter, white with pearly sheen, smooth.
- Egg production is higher at night when pets are sleeping.
- Larvae hatch from the egg in 1 to 10 days.
- Eggs are easily shed off the pet’s coat during movement and are deposited in the environment within 8 hours of being laid.
- The pet is like a "salt shaker" leaving flea eggs all around the place.
- Move away from light, towards the ground and towards organic matter.
- In the house, they will migrate away from major traffic areas (up to 1 metre).
- The larval stage lasts 5 to 11 days before they form pupae.
- Location of pupae (e.g. deep in carpet pile) means that sprays/bombs are physically not able to reach them.
- Vacuums can suck up considerable numbers of pupae.
- Adults are stimulated to emerge from pupae by the presence of a passing animal– it takes less than 1 second for an adult flea to emerge and jump in the direction of the passing animal.
- Pupae can remain dormant for up to 184 days, while waiting for an animal to stimulate the adult to emerge.
- Newly hatched fleas stare at the brightest light they can see and remain still.
- As soon as a shadow passes through the light, it jumps at the shadow.
- Fleas can jump up to 48cm in length and up to 17cm high to catch a passing animal.
- Once on an animal, it begins to feed almost immediately (0-60 seconds).
- Do not normally transfer from one animal to another.Mating occurs on the host in the first 8-24hrs, with egg production beginning within 24-48hrs of their first blood meal.It reaches a peak of 40-50 eggs/day.